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Sinha Deturbulator Progress Reports

Progress Articles
9/17/2003 First successful test of Sinha deturbulator on a glider
10/18/2003 Further drag reductions on Standard Cirrus wing
  Baseline polar for performance testing
2/8/2004 Progress Report: SSA Convention in Atlanta
2/28/2004 First outer-span test
5/27/2004 Wind tunnel goes into operation
8/31/2004 Stereolithography used for wind tunnel wing sections
12/3/2004 First success on upper surface of Standard Cirrus wing
12/12/2004 More success on upper surface of Standard Cirrus wing
2/18/2005 First Sink-Rate Measurement
(revised 3/13/2005)
2/26/2005 Second Sink-Rate Measurement: Some Encouraging Data
3/19/2005 First Parallel Flight - vs. ASW-28
3/19/2005 Measurements with Full Top Surface Deturbulation
9/12/2005 A Performance Endurance Issue
10/29/2005 It’s Deturbulation Time Again
1/9/2006 Paper Presented at AAIA Annual Conference
2/3/2006 Talk Presented at SSA Annual Convention
5/6/2006 Paper Presented at AAIA Flow Control Conference
7/1/2006 Notes on Endurance and the Temperature/Humidity Issue
10/21/2006 Measurements Show 20% Improvement!
(revised 1/3/07)
12/13/2006 Deturbulator Performance Confirmed!
1/2/2007 Calibrated Airspeeds
12/13/2006 Summary of Johnson Flight Test
(revised 2/10/2007)
12/13/2006 Details of Johnson Flight Test
(revised 12/26/2007)
12/01/2007 Johnson Effect Confirmed
(revised 12/26/2007)
06/7/2008 Third Parallel Flight - vs. Diana 1
(revised 8/3/2008)

Publications and Presentations
1/2006 Sailplane Performance Improvement Using a Flexible Composite Surface Deturbulator - Sinha
(PDF, 1174 KB)
6/2006 Drag Reduction of Natural Laminar Flow Airfoils with a Flexible Surface Deturbulator - Sinha
(PDF, 757 KB)
2/2007 Wing Surface Deturbulators - Johnson
(PowerPoint, 2140 KB)
2/2007 Revolutionary Aerodynamics - Sinha
(PDF, 856 KB)
6/2007 Optimizing Wing Lift to Drag Ratio Enhancement with Flexible-Wall Turbulence Control - Sinha
(PDF, 588 KB)
8/2007 Improving Automotive Fuel Efficiency with Deturbulator Tape - Sinha
(PDF, 1368 KB)

Deturbulator Performance Confirmed! (12/13/2006)

The day we have anticipated for three years finally arrived. Although consistency issues reported earlier remain, on the strength of two recent flights (Measurements Show 20% Improvement!) Dr. Sinha and I felt that the time was right for independent verification by Dick Johnson and the Dallas Glider Association at Caddo Mills, Texas. It was a risky decision since the present deturbulators fail when condensation inside the deturbulator tape occludes the pressure equalization vents. But we thought that the improvements were so large that something significant would show up on any day that was suitable for flight testing, provided the humidity was reasonably low. In fact, the two days of deturbulator testing were unseasonably warm and humid; however, the deturbulators worked well enough to show that deturbulation works, if not how well they can work. There were significant differences between the two days and large variations within each flight as the vents sometimes failed to keep up with altitude changes. Any way you analyze the data, you see significant improvements. After Dick Johnson presents his results at the SSA Annual Convention in Memphis (February 8-10, 2007), I will post an analysis that shows the variations in deturbulator performance and convincingly confirms our prior measurements, albeit in a piecemeal way. Any way you look at the Caddo Mills data, they document that Sinha Deturbulators produce large improvements.

Six test flights were flown by Dick Johnson and Jeff Baird at Caddo Mills on Wednesday and Thursday, December 13 and 14, 2006. We then removed the deturbulator tapes from the wings, returning the glider to standard configuration for baseline and airspeed calibration flights. Dr. Sinha and I returned home Friday with a lot of anxiety, not knowing the outcome. Then came the news in classic Johnson understatement: "Attached are the preliminary flight test sink rate data that we measured with the deturbs installed."

Naturally, Dick will publish this as another in his long series of flight test evaluations. Also, he will present his findings at the SSA Annual Convention in Memphis next February 8-10. After that, we will post on the web our analysis of his data, which will compare his data to our own measurements reported in earlier progress reports (above).

However, based on the preliminary results, it appears that the glider has been confirmed to fly about 15% better than it should.

Dick Johnson's data show the characteristic notch in the L/D graph (hump in the polar) at around 70 kts that we measured. (Measurements Show 20% Improvement!) Although undesirable, this is a wonderful thing at this stage of development. For one thing, it verifies that the deturbulators are working. Seeing it in the Johnson data shows that we are indeed measuring the same thing. Next, it shows that the deturbulators do no significant harm when they shut down. Performance returns to the unmodified values. Finally, when the notch (nearly) grazes the baseline we know that there is no significant bias in the data from uniform upwelling or subsiding of the airmass. I am believe we can remove this undesirable feature with little difficulty. But, for now it's comforting to have around.

One final note. This Standard Cirrus is in very good condition, but not pristine. It was refinished in Imron in 1996 and flies at max gross weight (728 lbs) with me in it. The wing profile has a 0.010" to 0.015" hump in the spar region. No special care has been taken to put it into excellent flying condition. The control seals have holes, there is no box around the main gear and the doors fit poorly. A relief tube permanently extends from the right gear door. Also, while there are lower mylar seals on the aileron gaps and internal S-seals, the upper gaps are open. In a word, this glider is definitely not in competition condition.

Our thanks to Dick Johnson for conducting these tests, Jeff Baird for sharing the piloting duties, tow pilots David Cheek and Howard Hughes, Paula Lara and her staff at Southwest Soaring, Inc. and the Dallas Glider Association (DGA) for funding these flight tests.

Jim Hendrix
Oxford Aero Equipment

(click images for a larger view)

First launch, Jeff Baird running the wing.

Test the easy way, let someone else do the work.

Dick and Jeff calibrating the ASI.

Dick and David Cheek.


© Copyright 2003-2008 Jim Hendrix